Export Britain


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Ease of trading across borders

Importing a standard container of goods into Romania requires:



Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest - the sixth largest city in the EU. Romania has a developing, upper-middle income market economy. Joining the EU on 1st January 2007 brought Romania a new set of changes in regulation, with improved potential for setting up new business and international trade liberalisation.

Economic snapshot (% annual growth rate)

GDP 2.9 3.7 3.4
Export of goods and services 9.0 5.0 4.8
Import of goods and services 7.7 7.5 5.7
Inflation 1.1 -0.5 2.0
Exchange rate (per £) 3.3 4.0 4.1
Population -0.3 -0.2 -0.2
Source: Oxford Economics

Economic outlook

The Romanian economy grew by 3.5% in 2013, mainly due to the unusually high agricultural production. A 3% growth is expected in 2014, above the Central and Eastern Europe’s performance.  Also, a gradual rebalancing of growth towards domestic demand is expected in the following years, while average annual inflation is expected to slow down at 2.4% in 2014. The positive trend is sustained by the improved consumer confidence and better international conditions, as well as by reforms implemented in the framework of the financial support from the IMF and the EU.

Trade outlook

Romania’s main trading partners are Italy, Germany, Russia, France, and Turkey. Romania’s intra-regional trade within Europe will be Romania’s fastest growing source of growth. Imports from the Middle East and North Africa region are also expected to witness solid growth. Exports include machinery, industrial production, chemicals, raw material, mineral fuels, steel and food and beverages. Imports from the Middle East and North Africa region are also expected to witness solid growth. 

Cultural tips

Essential Customs tips

Trading within the European Union is a simple process due to the free trade agreement that allows goods to cross country borders without charges being applied.

Romania’s EU status and position as an ‘Emerging European’ country means there are significant opportunities for UK businesses without the added complexity of customs clearance procedures.

SWOT analysis

Low external debt and public debt
Reduced rate of unemployment
Well-qualified labour force.
Weak flexibility of the labour market
Re-localisation of the EU firms in Romania
EU funds
Mechanism of allocation of the EU subvention
Administrative bureaucratic barriers
Romanian legislation
political instability

Romania's trade with the UK

Sector segmentation growth

Sectors to watch:
  • Food
  • Utilities
  • Metal products
  • domestic appliances, 
  • electric fittings and repair
  • installation of machinery

Fastest-growing exporters into Romania

1 Bulgaria
2 Hungary
3 Turkey
4 Italy
5 Greece
6 Egypt
7 Germany
8 Austria
9 Czech
10 France

Total merchandise trade - Leading import partners

Opportunities for UK businesses

Romania offers significant opportunities to UK businesses with products, services, or technologies that either meet growing private demand or contribute to the country’s development priorities. In particular opportunities exist in the following sectors: food and drink, ICT, textiles, manufacturing, engineering and automotive.

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